The report, based on interviews with over 400 women smallholder farmers, uncovers challenges related to time constraints, health issues, and gender-based violence, among other impacts.

Empowering women farmers financially can speed up much needed action on climate-smart agriculture, enhancing incomes and reducing emissions.

The report suggests solutions such as payments for ecosystem services, using village-based agent models, engaging men in sharing care responsibilities, and more. It also calls net-zero strategies to consider gender issues.